Saint Peter's Basilica

Type
Attraction, Historic, Museum
Description
The Notorious Roman Emperor Caligula(37-41AD) built a circus at the area of the current Vatican. St Peter the apostle was buried in anecropolis to the north of the circus. 

Traditionally it issaid that The See of Rome was founded by Saint Peter who firstheld the position of the Bishop of Rome (Pope).Between the years 324 and 326 AD, theEmperor Constantine built a basilica on top of St. Peter's grave. It was replacedby the present St. Peter's Basilica between the 16th and 17th centuries. And was designed and decorated by Renaissance andbaroque geniuses such as Raphael, Bramante, Bernini Michelangelo, and Maderna. St.Peter's basilica is the largest religious building in the world. 

St. Peter's Basilica, Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano or Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Italian, is a Church located in Vatican City that dates back to the Renaissance age. Michelangelo, Bernini and Bramante were the main architects of the magnificent basilica and it is one of the most famous architectural works of the Renaissance era. The building of the current church (replaced the old 4th century Church over St. Peter's tomb) began on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18 November 1626.

According to Roman Catholic tradition St. Peter's Basilica is the burial site of Saint Peter, one Christs' 12 apostles. Additionally in Roman Catholic tradition, St. Peter was also the first Bishop of Rome and thus was the first in the papal (pope) lineage.

Saint Peter's Basilica is located within the Vatican and thus it serves the Popes for ceremonies. Throughout the year a number of services are conducted by the pope and they attract audiences of 20,000 to over 90,000 people who come to the Vatican Basilica (St. Peter's) or St. Peter's Square. In addition to serving the papcy, St. Peter's is one of the four churches of Rome that hold the rank of Major Basilica.

Saint Peter's tomb is located directly below the altar of the St. Peter's Basilica and soem hitorical evidence supports this. Many Popes have been buried at St. Peter's for this reason and this is also why there has been a church at this location in Rome since the times of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (4th century)

The basilica has great architectural structures that tooks everal years to design and build. One of the major contributors to the amazing structure of St. Peter’s Basilica is the Master Michelangelo. The following are some ofthe spectacular architectural features of the basilica: the Bramante’s dome, Maderno’s façade, St Peter’s statues, narthex and portals, and Maderno’ nave. St. Peter also has a lovely Piazza, fountains, altars, towers. It also known for the statues in the piers of the dome ( among them are the statues of Saint Helena, St.Longinus, St. Andrew and St. Veronica).

The specifications of the St. Peter’s basilica are approximately: length: 730 feet (220 m); width: 500 feet (150 m); maximum height: 452 feet (138 m); outer dome diameter: 137.7 feet (42 m); inner dome diameter: 136.1 feet (41.5 m). These dimensions are indeed an indication of how huge the basilica is. With its spectacular furnishes, architecture, tombs and collections of art, St. Peter’s Basilica is and will always be one of the largest churches in the world and oneof the holiest Catholic sites.
 
Tours
  • Skip the Line tickets
  • Car service from Civitavecchia to Rome and back
  • Colosseum
  • Roman Forum
  • Trevi Fountain
  • Piazza Navona
  • Vatican Museums
Optimise your precious time with our well designed Rome day tour covering all the main sites with our brilliant guides
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
25 people
Minimum Guests:
2 people
  • The Sistine Chapel
  • St. Peter's Basilica
  • The Vatican Museums
  • The Colosseum
  • The Roman Forum and Arch of Constantine
  • The Pantheon
  • The Trevi Fountain
  • The Spanish Steps
You could discover Rome as many tourists do: admiring its beauty, glancing at its many treasures as you pass them by. However, what we offer in our two-day tour is a full immersion ... morein Rome and the Vatican. This is a chance to really get to know the fascinating histories behind the most famous sites, and some of the lesser-known spots.

With our skip the lines tickets and qualified guide, you relive the gladiator’s fierce battles, and the feats of engineering that enabled the creation of the Colosseum. You explore the Roman Forum, once the political and religious heart of Ancient Rome, and the Palatine Hill, once a luxurious residential area, brimming with villas of the emperors. Then you visit the great piazzas that Rome is famous for: Pantheon, the Trevi Fountain, Piazza Navona and others.

The second day is dedicated to exploring the Vatican. We will emerge you in the masterpieces of the Renaissance, the captivating works inside the Vatican Museums and of course, the Basilica of St. Peter. Naturally you will also visit in-depth the exquisite Sistine Chapel and Raffaello’s Rooms, housing their immortal frescoes and learning a lot. The tour concludes at the majestic Castel Sant’Angelo, which offers a breathtaking view of all Rome.
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
24 people
Minimum Guests:
2 people
 (26)
  • The Map Rooms
  • Ancient Greek Sculpture of Hermes
  • Michelangelo's La Pietà
  • Sistine Chapel
  • St. Peter's Basilica
  • Statue of the 4th Emperor of Rome: Claudius
  • Expulsion of Heliodorus from the temple
Uncover great artistic masterpieces of the Vatican on this tour specifically designed for visitors with limited time.
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
16 people
Minimum Guests:
1 people
 (19)
  • Early access to the Vatican Museums
  • The Hall of Maps
  • The Ancient Sculpture Galleries, including the Laocoon and the Apollo Belvedere
  • The Belvedere Courtyard and the Cortile della Pigna
  • St. Peter's Basilica
  • Visit Sistine Chapel when it is least busy
Enter the Vatican Museums a full hour before the general public and experience the Sistine Chapel at a time later in the morning when it is least busy. Get inspired by the Vatican's ... moremasterpiece
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
16 people
 (7)
  • Special access to the Sistine Chapel
  • The Ancient Sculpture Galleries
  • The Hall of Maps
  • The Belvedere Courtyard
  • St. Peter's Basilica
OVERVIEW There are certain experiences that are guaranteed to change your life. Discover the Sistine Chapel before it opens its doors to the public where you can admire the detail ... moreand the figures that appear 3D in how much they are lifelike. Learn about the ideas and passion of Michelangelo, explore the characters he created on the iconic ceiling and in The Last Judgement without battling the crowds on our private Sistine Chapel Tour. Treat yourself to the luxury of a private guide who will completely customize your visit according to your interests. Get an in-depth understanding of the beauty of Raffaello’s Rooms, commissioned by Pope Julius II whilst Michelangelo laboured over the Sistine Chapel ceiling in an intense competition of artistic mastery. Explore the masterpieces of the Vatican Museum’s collection, loved by patrons and artists of the Renaissance. Skip the queues and arrive directly at St. Peter’s Basilica where you can appreciate the most important works of the Christian faith. Wonder at the great dome, the touching Pietà by Michelangelo and Bernini’s majestic canopy above St. Peter’s altar.

Early Entrance Sistine Chapel Tour before it opens: enjoy as did popes and princes

Our private tour offers the perfect environment to explore the Sistine Chapel and other works of incomparable beauty of the Vatican Museums and to fully comprehend their meaningwill. Your personal guide will help you visualize the cultural context in which such works arose, immersing you in the climate of the Renaissance, in the passions that accompanied artists and princes, merchants and bankers in the creation of a new world of palaces, domes, and cities. Our exclusive Vatican private tour will take you to discover this happy season of human history when the flowering of the arts was accompanied by the evolution of science, together laying the foundations for much of our modern world.

Tour the Sistine Chapel: meet a genius

Whoever sees the Sistine Chapel through the eyes of Michelangelo, whoever reads in it his thoughts and sentiments, encounters genius. Who he was, how he lived and what he thought. Your guides will accompany you on this Vatican private tour into the great building projects of the Italian Renaissance and together you will relive the environment of the Florentine Renaissance and the Papal court in Rome in which Michelangelo created his masterpieces. The figures of Jonah, Adam, Eve, Noah and thousands of others on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and in the Last Judgement speak of Michelangelo and of the Renaissance: our private tour will reveal clearly what they say, and how and why these frescoes of the Vatican Museums have redefined not only art, but the way in which we look at the world.

The Vatican Museums: stories of art and history

Some of the the most important works that we will discover, such as timeless Greek masterpieces like the Laocoon, the Belvedere Torso and the Apollo Belvedere, were excavated at the time of Michelangelo and Raphael, who studied and admired them in the same architectural context in which they are preserved today. The artworks that they created are the fruit of their careful study. And so we too will pass through the Pinecone courtyard, the Belvedere courtyard and the tapestry galleries on our Vatican private tour, discovering a selection of masterpieces with a guide capable of recreating the climate of the epoch, helping you to appreciate the Raphael Rooms and the Sistine Chapel in their historical context.

From the Sistine Chapel we will directly enter St. Peter's Basilica without waiting in line

St. Peter's Basilica: The Story of Fatih

This part of our guided visit will bring us to the heart of the Christian faith, and along the way we will discover an incredible collection of relics and religious tokens that have accumulated here over the course of nearly 2,000 years at the site of St. Peter's tomb. At the same time you will have the chance to admire and understand enchanting works of art such as Michelangelo's Pietà, a work whose intimate embrace overflows with such tenderness that it can move even the hardest viewer to tears. The masterpieces of Bernini, the great genius of the Italian Baroque, also dominate St. Peter's, and the spectacular eponymous piazza dazzles with astounding optical effects. It is here that the faithful have gathered for centuries to celebrate the great events of Christianity, from the election of new popes to solemn masses. We will bring you here to read a history that will also become our own, a history lived by the protagonists of our fascinating Vatican tours.

The Basilica of St. Peter's may be subject to unscheduled closings and late openings for religious ceremonies. Because these are often last-minute for security reasons, we may not have time to notify our guests but instead the full tour will be spent exploring other parts of the Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel. We do not provide refunds for unexpected closures of St. Peter's and your guide will still give you a introduction to the Basilica, should you wish to return in your own time during your stay in Rome.
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
24 people
Minimum Guests:
1 people
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