The Colosseum in Rome The Colosseum, also known as the ‘Flavian Amphitheater’, stood at the physical and figurative heart of the Roman Empire. Built some 2000 years ago, the Colosseum marks the beginning of modern-day stadiums and amphitheaters. Work began on the Colosseum under the direction of Emperor Vespasian in 70 AD and it was completed in 80 AD by the Emperor Titus,and it served as Rome’s arena for gladiator fights, hunting games, contests and spctacles for almost six centuries. It's arena floor known as the “hypogeum” was an incredible system of tunnels where contestants, animals and even stage sets were kept and raised.70 thousand spectators could fill the Colosseum and it is stuill the largest amphitheater in the world according to the Guinness World Record for The construction of the Colosseum was financed with spoils taken from the 2nd Jewish Temple which was destroyed after the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD. The Colosseum was, perhaps symbolically, built on the site of Nero’s palace who was a burned the city of Rome inorder to build his palace.