St. Peter's Basilica

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St. Peter's Basilica

Regarded as one of the holiest sites in the Catholic faith, St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest, holiest and most beautiful churches in the world. The basilica was erected upon the site traditionally regarded as the burial place of Saint Peter, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ. Some historical evidence has proved that the tomb of Saint Peter is indeed located directly below the altar of the basilica. 

St. Peter’s Basilica is located near the Papal residence (where the Pope resides). The central balcony on the façade of St. Peter’s Basilica is known as the “Loggia of the Blessings” for this is where newly elected popes give their first blessing after "Habemus Papum" is announce, declaring that a new pope has been chosen. 

St. Peter’s Basilica is a late Renaissance church located within the territory of Vatican City. It was designed by great architects like Michelangelo, Donato Bramante, Gian Bernini Lorenzo and Carlo Maderno. 

Saint Peter is considered to be the first pope as he is considered to be the first official Bishop of Rome. A statue of St. Peter holding a key stands on the left side of the entrance to St. Peter’s Basilica and represents the key to the Kingdom of Heaven given to him by Jesus, as it is written in Matthew 16:17-19: “..Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven…”



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