Colosseum

Type
Attraction, Cultural, Historic
Highlights
  • The construction of the Colosseum was started in 72 AD by Emperor Vespasian and it was completed in 80 AD, a year after the death of Vespasian.
Features:
Bathroom
Description
The Colosseum is one of Rome's most famous land marks. The structure is an elliptical amphitheatre located in the center of Rome. The colosseum was built from concrete and stone .It is considered to be the largest amphitheatre in the world. The construction of the Colosseum started in 72 AD by the Roman Emperor Vespasian. The building was completed in 80 AD, a year after the death of Emperor Vespasian.

The colloseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public shows and games such as animal hunts, mock sea battles, gladiator battles and executions. It seated 50,000 people. The Roman emperors used the Colosseum for the entertainment of the public with free games. The games symbolized power and they were used by the ruling emperor in order to increase his popularity. These games were held for an entire day or several days continuously. The shows usually started with comical acts and displays of exotic animals such as lions and bears and concluded with fights to the death between the animals and gladiators. The fighters were prisoners of war, slaves, or convicted criminals. The gladiatorial games continued until Christianity gradually put an end to the gory and deadly games.

The Colosseum was built on the area of an artificial lake. At the late 6th century a small church was built into the structure of the amphitheatre. In 1934, the Colosseum was damaged by an earthquake which resulted in the collapse of the outer south. The stones from the Colleseum were then reused to build palaces, churches,hospitals and other structures in Rome. Some of the famous structures which were built using the stones are Palazzo Farnese and St. Peter’s Basilica.

Church officials in Rome sought a productive use for the Colosseum during the 16thand 17th century. Pope Sixtus V had planned to turn The Colosseum into a wool factory in order to offer employment opportunities to prostitutes in Rome but the plans did not come to fruition due to his premature death. In 1671, Cardinal Altieri authorized the Colosseum to be used for bullfights but the public opposed this idea.

The Colosseum continued to be subject to different uses and renovations as nearly every leader of Rome had his own ideas concerning the use of the compound. The Roman emperors used the Colosseum to entertain the public with free games. The games symbolized prestige and power and they were used by the ruling emperor as a way of increasing his popularity. These games were held for a whole day or even several days continuously. In most cases, the shows started with comical acts and displays of exotic animals which ended with fights to death between the animals and gladiators. The fighters were normally slaves, prisoners of war or condemned criminals. The gladiatorial games continued until Christianity gradually put an end to the parts of the games which led to the death of people.

The modern Colosseum has been renovated, redecorated and painted. The Colosseum is used to host large events although the space inside is limited. During events with great attendance, the audience sits outside the Colosseum. The Colosseum is also a major tourist attraction in Rome with thousands of tourists visiting it every year to view the interior of the arena. Entrance for citizens of the European Union is partially subsidized, and the entrance is free for European Union citizens below the age of 18 or over 65. The upper floor of the outer wall of The Colosseum has a museum that is dedicated to Eros. Part of the arena floor had been re-floored and looks fabulous.

The Colosseum is also the site of Roman Catholic ceremonies in the 20th and 21stcenturies. For instance, Pope Benedict XVI led the Stations of the Cross ceremony called the Scriptural Way of the Cross at The Colosseum on Good Fridays. There was an agreement between the local official and Diego Della Valle, in 2011, to sponsor €25 million restoration of The Colosseum. 

Today it is one of the most popular tourist sites in Rome. Be sure to come and visit the Colleseum!
 
Tours
  • Colosseum / Roman Forum / Palatine Hill
  • Our VIP Group Tour includes access to the Colosseum Arena floor via a secret side entrance once used by gladiators!
Rome is a historical layer cake and Italy with Us is offering you a scrumptious piece. The Roman Forum and Colosseum tour lets you see the Eternal City sliced open. Each tier reveals ... morea city built atop and recycling the ruins of earlier cities.
Dig in on Via del Colosseo, the narrow street that leads to the Colosseum. Your guide, aka Indiana Jones, will show you evidence – a temple’s ancient column here, a Roman-era wall there. You’ll look down on the Colosseum from what seems like a hill. Wrong. Under your feet are Renaissance Rome, medieval Rome, ancient Rome.

Descend to the Colosseum, the city’s level in 80 AD when the world’s largest amphitheatre was inaugurated. This remarkable structure stands tall after 2000 years, whereas most modern stadiums last a few decades. Discover the arches built without mortar, remnants of flushing toilets and evidence of the retractable roof. Only in person can you appreciate this monument to engineering, architecture – and power – since slaves did the back-breaking work.

As you gaze at the arena, your guide will bring to life the spectators’ experience, from the senators in the VIP section to the women in the nosebleed seats. The free entertainment came with a price: your vote for the generous emperor. After all, this is the birthplace of “bread and circuses”. Later, on the arena stage, feel the rush that gladiators felt. Rising from the underground backstage via lifts, they popped onto the stage from trap doors to the deafening chants of up to 70,000 people.

The Roman Forum is your next destination. Walk along Via Sacra, the main road taken by victorious Roman soldiers returning home from conquests. You too will pass triumphal arches, including the Arch of Titus commemorating Vespasian’s and later Titus’ victories over Judea. The story (one-sided, of course) comes to life in intricate carvings depicting Victoria, the goddess of victory, next to Titus and soldiers bearing a menorah and other sacred war spoils.

You’ll be astonished by the fourth-century AD Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine. What remains of this enormous public building are soaring concrete vaults, remarkable for their ability to support weight. More than a century after it was built, Michelangelo and Bramante studied the building while designing St. Peter’s Basilica. Equally impressive are the Temple of Romulus with its bronze door and precious porphyry stone columns and the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina. Both were converted into churches, protecting them from medieval looters who, you’ll see, nevertheless tried to abscond with materials.

Check out the brick-faced, first-century BC Senate House, repeatedly rebuilt over the years. Shakespeare might claim that Caesar was murdered here, but the Bard is wrong. Learn where Caesar met his maker and then pay your respects at the altar where he was cremated. Scholars have doubts that this is the original altar but that hasn’t stopped visitors from leaving fresh flowers every day. Hail, Caesar!
Places Visited:
Inclusions:
Small Group, Tour Guide, Entrance Fees
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
13 people
  • The Colosseum, first and second level
  • The Roman Senate
  • The Via Sacra
  • The Temple of Saturn and others in the Roman Forum
  • The Arch of Titus and Septimius Severus
  • Stadium of Domitian on the Palatine Hill
  • Flavian Palace on the Palatine Hill
Bringing alive more than 2,500 years of history in Ancient Rome There is so much to see in the Colosseum and grand archaeological parks of the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill, and ... moreso much to discover and learn. Here, every corner holds an amazing scene: the place of Julius Caesar’s funeral, demanded by the mob after Mark Antony’s famous speech; a church built inside an enormous temple; the marble portraits and stories of the Vestal Virgins. But if at first the ancient city strikes us with the magic of a far-off world, it soon leads to a sense of bewilderment. Alongside well-preserved buildings, there are staircases to nowhere and overlapping columns, and one feels immersed in a giant puzzle with too many missing pieces. As on all of our ancient Rome group tours, our guides will seek to restore this puzzle to its former glory by re-animating these imposing spaces with the political passions of the great Romans that made history here, men whose speeches transfixed the enormous watching crowds.

Whilst we recommend our 5 hour in-depth ancient Rome group tour for those keen to fully uncover the rich history of these sites, this alternative group tour of 3.5 hours has been specially designed for visitors with limited time in Rome, and aims to showcase as much as possible in a reduced time-frame.

Colosseum tour and the Arch of Constantine

In the Colosseum, a series of wild beast hunts, executions and gladiator games held imperial Rome in suspense for centuries. On our Colosseum group tour we will take you inside the lives of the gladiators by retracing their origins, their training, and the fame that many of them enjoyed, climbing the social ranks. On the Arch of Constantine you can see, like movie scenes set in marble, the rituals of Rome at the beginning of the fourth century, together with a great mystery and the empire’s turn to Christianity.

Roman Forum tour

Here we have a great valley, the political heart of ancient Rome, where the daily life of the ancient Romans unfolded. The Republic revolved around the Senate, where giant, richly decorated spaces still resound with the voices of the great senators that unleashed war and brokered peace in the Mediterranean. While the House of the Vestals introduces us to the only female religious order in Rome, the via Sacra, still marked by the wheels of carts that traversed it for centuries, helps us understand the Romans’ amazing engineering capabilities. In front of the Temple of Julius Caesar we will be catapulted into the story of one of the greatest political murders of all time. Nearby, the temple of Antoninus and Faustina tells us of the extent of the Roman empire, with its rare marbles and its inscriptions. The images carved into the Arch of Titus tell of the conquest of Jerusalem and the transfer of its ancient treasures to Rome, fascinating histories that your expert guide will explain.

The Palatine Hill

It would be a terrible shame to leave Rome without having seen the Palatine Hill. In order to gain a real sense of the magnitude of the ancient city, it is here that we must come. The immensity of the palaces and gardens in which the emperors lived, at the Stadium and the Domus Flavia, is still awe-inspiring even today. The panoramic view onto the Circus Maximus (one of the many views the emperors enjoyed from their palaces) and the Huts of Romulus, datable to the eighth century BC, will complete our essential exploration of the most beautiful and magical hill of Rome.
Places Visited:
Inclusions:
Small Group, Tour Guide, Entrance Fees, Headsets
Language:
English
Max Group Size:
13 people
  • Walking tour of the Colosseum, Palatine Hill and Roman Forum
  • Fast track admission skipping the entrance line to the Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill
  • Headsets for an easy hearing of your guides explanations
Join a small group tour of Ancient Rome and explore with a passionate guide the most extended archaeological area in the world about the Romans.... more
While walking through the ruins you will be amazed discovering the great achievements of the Romans in architecture and their perfect organization of public and private life.With our guided tour of the Colosseum and Archaeological area of Rome, in three hours, you will see the outstanding residences of the Emperors on the Palatine Hill, the Forum, with its Pagan Temples, the site of Julius Caesar's funerals, the Capitol Hill and the Colosseum.

Visit the Imperial Fora and Capitol Hill
Walking from the magnificent Trajan's Column, jewel of architecture and sculpture made by Apollodorus of Damascus, our guide will show you, along the Via dei Fori Imperiali (street of the Imperial Fora), the ruins of the fora that the great emperors had built as lasting memory of their power. You will reach the Capitoline Hill, once political and religious centre of the town, today seat of the Municipality. The stairway will lead you to the Piazza del Campidoglio, magnificent result of a single project by Michelangelo

Visit the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill
Behind Piazza del Campidoglio you will find the best panoramic point over the valley of the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill. Walking through the valley of the Roman Forum, the great Rome with its important buildings will revive before your eyes. From the Forum the guide will show you to the place linked to the fabulous origins of Rome: the Palatine.

Visit the Colosseum
Leaving the Roman Forum you will find the arch of Constantine, erected to commemorate the victory of the emperor upon Maxentius in the IV cent. A.D., and the Colosseum, everlasting symbol of the greatness of Rome and stage of the historical fightings of gladiators. Erected by wishes of the Emperor Vespasian to honour the grandeur of the Empire and inaugurated by Titus in 80 AD, the Colosseum was built in a valley surrounded by the Esquiline, the Palatine and the Celio hills, draining a pond used by Nero for the Domus Aurea. The Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum, is probably the most famous monument in the world: this elliptical colossal construction, with a height of 48mt, has impressed and fascinated men of all Ages.
Places Visited:
Inclusions:
Small Group, Tour Guide, Entrance Fees, Headsets
Language:
English
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